Junagarh Fort (1.5 K.M.
form the center of the city)
It is one of the interesting sights of Bikaner; You can see numerous
places the Fort. The fort was founded by the sixth ruler of Bikaner
state, namely Lord Rai Singh, in 1589 A.D., who was one of the
distinguished generals of the Mugal Emperor ‘Akbar, the great’.
Additions to this fort were made by difference successors. It
forms a quadrangle with a perimeter of 986 meters (1,078 years)
it has 37 Bastions, a strong curtain wall and nine meter wide
moat. There are two entrances: one is in the east and the other
in the west. The eastern entrance is southern rampart were damaged
during the attack by jodhpur army in 1973 A.D., cannon balls fired
by them still mark the southern façade of the fort. The entrance
to the Fort is through Suraj Pole (Sun Gate) a big vaulted hall
opening on two sides through double arches. Two life size statues
of elephants decorate the entrance.
The beautiful palace was built by Lord Karan Singh, the ninth
ruler of Bikaner State, who ruled the State, during 1631-1685
A.D., He wad general in the army of Mugal emperor Aurangzeb. The
Karan Palace is one of the most interesting palaces of Junagarh
Fort. This particular palace was special court where the lord
used to hold meetings with his distinguished knights. The silver
throne of Lord Karan Singh is still kept there. Once travellers
could enter that palace, but not it is covered with glass, so
you may only peep through glass.
Anup Mahal (palace)
Anup Mahal (Palace)
It is of the best palaces of Junagarh fort and probably the most
elegant one, built by the 10th Lord of Bikaner State, his highness
Anup Singh, Who ruled between 1669- 1698 A.D.
Gilded floral designs of the palace with the red back round are
elaborately executed. Presain looking carpets enhance the glory
of the palace. Those carpets were made by the prisoners of Bikaner
Jail. Number of times the coronation of the rulers was held there
and the palace has witness the historical moments when, during
the rituals was held there and the palace ruler of Bikaner state
took Oath, “ I shall enhance the glory and defend the border of
this state, til the last drop of blood is my body’.
This particular palace was “Darbar hall” for the lord, such a
hall where only distinguished knights and guest could enter. In
that palace you can see red throne of Lord Anup Singh. This palace
is symbol of the glory of bygone era of Rajasthan.
Palace (The Phool Mahal)
The palace was built during the reign of Lord Rai Singh, the founder
of the fort. The walls of that palace are decorated with floral
designs. That is why it is called the floral palace. These paintings
are executed by Muslim artists who were called “ Usta’ A community
of great painters. These floral paintings are very beautiful and
Bikaner fort is proud to have such beautiful floral paintings.
Moon Place and Mirror palace (Chander Mahal & Sees
The moon palace is just adjacent to the floral palace. It was
also built in the reign of sixth lord of Bikaner State, His high
ness Rai Singh, There are lots of the hindu Gods and Goddesses.
It was the room where lord Rai Singh used to worship. In one of
the sides of the palace there are a couple of gates. Go through
one of the gates and toy will find your self in the mirror palace.
Walls of that palace are studded with mirrors and they are fixed
in such a way that, if a candle is lit then its reflection can
be seen in many mirrors and it makes the particular palace very
glorious. In walls of the Mirror palace there are several cavities
and during the reign of sixth lord (Lord Rai Singh, who Made that
palace) lamps were lit and palace in the cavities.
chamber of mirror palace (Phool Mahal Ki Sal.)
There is one gate in mirror palace. Just cross the gate and you
will find yourself in a private chamber of mirror palace it is
called in Hindi language, ‘Phool Mahal Ki Sal”. In that particular
palace. There is a very short bed placed. The bed is symbol of
threat which lords of desert country would receive from their
receive from their relatives. Following is the story related about
the small bed.
In 1439 A.D., his highness Lord Ridmal, Grand father of Lord Bika,
was brutally murdered by his domestic opponents. His domestic
opponents first tied him to this bed when heavily drunk lord Ridaml
was sleeping in his palace. Though they were 17 opponents, still
they had to courage to face the three handed lord. When the lord
was sword with the sword he rose and found himself encircled by
his domestic opponents. Though he was tied, still he fought and
killed most of them and then ultimately received a fatal wound.
After that incident the rulers of Rathore dynasty took an oath
that they would sleep on such a short bed that their legs would
touch the ground so that if some attacked the, they could stand
up on their feet and face the enemy.
Besides these palaces. There are some other palaces, in the fort
of Bikaner, but there are not being explained in the present edition
of this book, because guides are available in side the fort, there
will show you all the palaces.
How to get there.
You may join Conducted sight seeing tour, organized by the
’Desert Tours’ behind head post office, Bikaner.
If you don’t like going organized tour then you may go alone.
It is situated just of the first gate of the fort. It provides
free of cost information to travelers. The tourist information
office is run by the Department of Tourism and Art and Culture
of the sate Government of Rajasthan. You can also buy picture
cards and posters of interesting places of Rajasthan from that
Taxi car and Jeep
Out side the fort you can find numerous Cars and Jeeps for the
purpose of tourist Taxi. Auto Rickshaw are also seen outside the